Research Interests

My research interest is mainly on the interface of technology and society. I work on: a) how to shape policies to accommodate new technologies and facilitate positive socio-technical transitions; b) the effects of these new technologies on the policy process; and c) changing the way we design and analyse policies by developing innovative practical approaches that can be used to address the growth in the interdependence and complexity of our systems.

I am interested in numerous areas relating to public policy, technology and engineering, and the list keeps expanding as the clock ticks! The main keyword of my work is socio-technical systems. I am interested in socio-technical systems and their transitions and focus on the unique challenges that arise from the introduction of new technologies to society (e.g. crowdsourcing, sharing economy, MOOCs, autonomous systems, AI, block-chains, ride-sharing, 3D printing, AR and VR etc.). These new technologies are creating their own set of issues and concerns that require the understanding and appreciation of both technical and social sciences.

Below you can see a few keywords that describe the areas I have done research and papers in the past or have projects in progress:

  • Public Policy and Socio-technical systems

Novel approaches to policy design, analysis and analytics in socio-technical systems (development of new frameworks, methodologies, and decision support systems).

For addressing challenges of policy design, analysis and analytics, I take an interdisciplinary approach using artificial and collective intelligence techniques and borrows from engineering, complexity and design sciences alongside the traditional approaches in public policy to address the challenges in policy making. I have developed and is continue the enhancement of a new framework, a set of methodologies and a decision support system for the design and formulation of policies to help decision makers in selecting appropriate policy measures to design sustainable policies, better understand the complex interactions among alternative instruments, and how to combine and schedule them.

  • Infrastructure systems

Integration of Infrastructure Systems: E.g. Integration of Electricity & Transportation Networks in BE
Climate Change Adaptation
Complex interactions of infrastructure systems

  • Sustainability Assessment

Enhancement to sustainability assessment approaches by consideration of additional temporal and spatial factors and development of novel process-based approaches.

  • Crowdsourcing and its application in the policy cycle.

Exploring the use of collective intelligence in different segments of the policy cycle and conduct experiments in the suitability of the crowds for carrying out complex policy related tasks. Exploring the potential of crowdsourcing for integration with artificial intelligence techniques.

  • Sharing economy

Particularly interested in policy challenges pertaining to sharing economy and consequences for the society as a whole. 

  • Technology Policy and Governance of Technology


  • Development of Novel Approaches for Policy Design, Analysis and Analytics. 
  • Application of Complexity Science in Policy design and Planning.
  • Infrastructure Systems
  • Sustainability, Environmental and Energy Issues
  • Transportation Policy
  • Decision support systems
  • Design and Analysis of Techno-Economic Systems/Processes
  • Conceptual design, Computer-aided Design (Simulation and CFD)
  • Agent-based Modelling 
  • Process Systems Engineering
  • Strategy